Category Archive good to know

Before you start dog obedience training.

Many of the dog owners I meet tell me about failures in teaching their dog. When I watch them, I see two opposing worlds without any connection. They are not a team! They are not ready to teach and learn.

Despite this, the owner insists on being the teacher of his dog and gets upset when the dog does not listen to him. Both are not ready for this. The nerves are even greater because the behaviour at home also leaves much to be desired.

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Travelling with your dog to or from the UK

You can enter or return to the UK from EU country with your dog if it:

  • Dog travelling from or to the UKhas been microchipped
    Your dog could be refused entry or put into quarantine if its microchip can’t be read when you enter or return to the UK.
  • has a pet passport or third-country official veterinary certificate
    You don’t need a third-country official veterinary certificate if your pet was issued with a pet passport before leaving the EU and the treatments are still valid. Any booster vaccinations or blood tests carried out from outside the EU must be recorded on a third-country official veterinary certificate.
  • has been vaccinated against rabies
    You must wait 21 days after the vaccination (or the last of the primary course of vaccinations) before bringing your dog to the UK. Booster vaccinations: check your pet passport to find out when the booster vaccination is due.
  • had a tapeworm treatment
    A vet must treat your dog for tapeworm and record it in the dog passport every time you want to bring it to the UK.
    The treatment must have been given no less than 24 hours and no more than 120 hours (5 days) before you enter the UK.
    You don’t need to treat your dog for tapeworm if you’re coming directly to the UK from Finland, Ireland, Malta or Norway.
    The treatment must:
    1. Be approved for use in the country it’s being given in
    2. Have praziquantel or an equivalent as its active ingredient

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I’ve lost my dog! What now?

  • Contact your local and neighbouring Authority Dog Warden

    Find your Local Authority

    Please note that the Council must legally hold onto a stray dog for only 7 days (5 days in Northern Ireland) before they can rehome him, pass him onto a rehoming organisation, or have him humanely put to sleep.

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Microchipping – what you need to know!

From April 6th, all dogs in England are required, by law, to have a microchip.

Microchipping Don’t worry if they’re not microchipped yet, it simply takes an inexpensive visit to the vets. Or you can find a number of organisations that carry out microchipping for free.

A microchip is a quick and easy procedure. You can get your dog microchipped at any veterinary surgery, and many organisations.

What is a Microchip?

MicrochippingA microchip is an identifying integrated circuit placed under the skin of an animal. It is 12mm long, about the same size as a large grain of rice. It has three components: an antenna to transmit a signal; a capacitor that boosts the signal so it can be detected by a scanner and a microchip with a unique 15 digit number programmed into it. When scanned, the microchip transmits its unique number to the scanner, which is displayed on the scanner screen.

Mini Microchips are also available at just 8mm long and 1.4mm wide. They are easier to insert into the animal and can be implanted safely in smaller animals than the standard microchips.


  • It will be easier to trace the owners of lost and found dogs
  • Stolen dogs will become easier to trace
  • Ownership disputes can be easily settled

It is hoped that the new law to make microchipping compulsory will have a multitude of benefits for dogs and their owners.

Microchipping is only effective if you keep your details up to date. If you move house or change your telephone number you must make sure that you tell the database you are registered with so that they have your up-to-date contact details.

The microchip can be scanned and matched to the owner’s contact details, which are kept on a database, such as the national PetLog database.


Pet - lawLocal authorities and police will be issued with microchip scanners to ensure compliance. If they happen to find a dog without a microchip after April this year, the owner will be asked to have their dog microchipped as soon as possible and this will be checked. If the owner then fails to comply, they will face a fine of up to £500 per dog.

PSPO – what does it mean?

Public Spaces Protection Orders (PSPO)

Dog Training in CumbriaCouncils can use a public spaces protection order PSPO to place restrictions on a public area, such as a park or a town centre. Restrictions can apply to either:

  • all dog owners
  • owners who meet specific conditions set out by the council

Councils can make a PSPO unless they’re:

  • a parish or town council in England
  • a community council in Wales

PSPO restrictions include:

  • limiting how many dogs can be walked by an owner at one time
  • requiring dogs to be on a lead in a specific public area
  • requiring owners to pick up their dog’s litter
  • preventing dogs from being in a certain place, eg a children’s play area in a park

A PSPO lasts up to 3 years and can be renewed.

When a PSPO can be issued

Because a PSPO is applied to a whole public area rather than to individuals, it should be used carefully. Consider whether there can be exceptions for working dogs, eg assistance dogs.

A PSPO can only be issued when a dog’s behaviour meets these conditions:

  • it’s affecting or is likely to affect the quality of life of people in the area
  • it’s persistent
  • it justifies imposing restrictions on a whole public area

If a PSPO restricts local people’s space to walk dogs, you should provide other space to do this.

Some public areas in England and Wales are covered by Public Spaces Protection Orders (PSPOs) – previously called Dog Control Orders (DCOs).

PSPOs only apply to public land.

Pet - lawPenalties

If you ignore a PSPO, you can be fined:

  • £100 on the spot (a ‘Fixed Penalty Notice’)
  • up to £1,000 if it goes to court

You can’t be fined if you’re a registered blind dog owner.

PSPOs in your area

Local councils must let the public know where PSPOs are in place.

Example: If dogs aren’t allowed in a park, there must be signs saying so.

If the council plans to put a new PSPO in place, it must put up a notice and publish it in a local newspaper and on its website.

The notice must tell you:

  • where the new PSPO will apply
  • if there’s a map and where you can see it




Dog fouling

Good to know - lawYour council has a legal duty to keep public areas clear of dog mess.

If you don’t clean up after your dog you can be given an on-the-spot fine. The amount varies from council to council. It’s often £50 and can be as much as £80.

If you refuse to pay the fine, you can be taken to court and fined up to £1,000.

Registered blind dog owners can’t be fined.

Some councils have stricter rules on dog fouling. They may make owners carry a poop scoop and disposable bag when they take their dogs out to a public place.



Why your dog should be under control?

Dogs in UK - good to knowIt’s against the law to let a dog be dangerously out of control anywhere, eg:

  • in a public place
  • in a private place (eg a neighbour’s house or garden)
  • in the owner’s home

The law applies to all dogs.

Your dog is considered dangerously out of control if it:

  • injures someone
  • makes someone worried that it might injure them
  • it injures someone’s animal
  • the owner of the animal thinks they could be injured if they tried to stop your dog attacking their animal

Attention! A farmer is allowed to kill your dog if it’s worrying their livestock.

Pet - lawYou can be fined up to £5,000 and/or sent to prison for up to 6 months if your dog is dangerously out of control. You may not be allowed to own a dog in the future and your dog may be destroyed.

If you let your dog injure someone you can be sent to prison for up to 5 years and/or fined. If you deliberately use your dog to injure someone you could be charged with ‘malicious wounding’.

If you allow your dog to kill someone you can be sent to prison for up to 14 years and/or get an unlimited fine.

If you allow your dog to injure a guide dog you can be sent to prison for up to 3 years and/or fined.

 See what you should do to have a dog under control – click !



Banned dogs in UK

Dog Training in CarlisleIn the UK, it’s against the law to own certain types of dog.

These are the:

  • Pit Bull Terrier
  • Japanese Tosa
  • Dogo Argentino
  • Fila Braziliero

It’s also against the law to: sell, abandon, give away, breed from a banned dog.

Whether your dog is a banned type depends on what it looks like, rather than its breed or name.

Example: If your dog matches many of the characteristics of a Pit Bull Terrier, it may be a banned type.

You have a banned dog

If you have a banned dog, the police or local council dog warden can take it away and keep it, even if:

  • it isn’t acting dangerously
  • there hasn’t been a complaint

The police may need permission from a court to do this. If your dog is in:

  • a public place, the police don’t need a warrant
  • a private place, the police must get a warrant
  • a private place and the police have a warrant for something else (like a drugs search), they can seize your dog

A police or council dog expert will judge what type of dog you have and whether it is (or could be) a danger to the public. Your dog will then either be:

  • released
  • kept in kennels while the police (or council) apply to a court

While you wait for the court decision, you’re not allowed to visit your dog.

You can give up ownership of your dog but you can’t be forced to. If you do, your dog could be destroyed without you even going to court.

Going to court

It’s your responsibility to prove your dog is not a banned type.

If you prove this, the court will order the dog to be returned to you. If you can’t prove it (or you plead guilty), you’ll be convicted of a crime.

The maximum penalty for having a banned dog against the law is a £5,000 fine and/or 6 months in prison. Your dog will also be destroyed.

Index of Exempted Dogs (IED)

If your dog is banned but the court thinks it’s not a danger to the public, it may put it on the IED and let you keep it.

You’ll be given a Certificate of Exemption. This is valid for the life of the dog.

Your dog must be:

  • neutered
  • tattooed
  • microchipped
  • kept on a lead and muzzled at all times when in public
  • kept in a secure place so it can’t escape

As the owner, you must:

  • take out insurance against your dog injuring other people
  • be aged over 16
  • show the Certificate of Exemption when asked by a police officer or council dog warden, either at the time or within 5 days
  • let the IED know if you change address, or your dog dies